Posts Tagged ‘Spain’
Examples of Neoclassicism architecture can be found all over the world including Spain and Poland. The buildings that are selected to portray this style usually aren’t homes, like with some other styles, but rather they tend to be large, prominent buildings and monuments. Many government buildings and museums are wonderful examples of Neoclassicism. Because these buildings are generally so large and statuesque they are usually constructed in a well-populated place, such as the center of the capital city. The distinctive style and regal quality of this style makes it an excellent choice for any sort of building meant to make a statement.
In Spain, the famous Prado Museum (pictured below) was one of Juan de Villanueva’s most famous and popular works. Instead of building the three components that were requested as separate buildings and incorporated them into one large one, but created separate entrances. His style was appreciated so much and admired by so many people that he was commissioned to create homes for some of their royalty, as well as rebuilding the town square in Madrid.
The most famous buildings Neoclassical buildings in Poland include the Royal Castle in Warsaw, Palace on the Water, Królikarnia and the palace in Jabłonna. The Amphitheatre in the Royal Baths Park as well as several palaces and the Holy Trinity Church and gardens. Neoclassicism usually falls under the umbrella of traditional architecture, drawing on Roman and other classical influences.
Perhaps one of the most famous sites to inspire the interior design associated with Neoclassicism is the city of Pompeii. This city is one of the most perfect example of ancient interior design, as it has been preserved almost perfectly for centuries. The volcanic ash that covered the city and caused hundreds of deaths acted as somewhat of a preservative, allowing archeologists to excavate near-perfect buildings. One of the most distinctive features of Pompeii architecture is the fact that they brought many things that would usually be considered exterior styles and put them on the interior of the homes. Many modern Neoclassical styles utilize this in their construction and decoration.
The Neoclassical architectural style came to be in the mid 18th century in Spain and Poland, and was heavily influenced by classical Greek architecture as well as by Italian architect Andrea Palladino. Many of the details of the style can be compared to the Rococo style as well as the Late Baroque. One of the biggest differences between the Neoclassical style and the classic Greek style is the Neoclassical focuses more on the walls, where the Greek prided themselves on their proficiency in chiaroscuro. Some historians go even further to suggest that this style came about so that architects could embrace the sensitivity of ancient Rome combined with ancient Greek.
This architectural style was a worldwide phenomenon that occurred at more or less the same time throughout the globe, rather than eventually spreading to the United States and Europe. Many people don’t see the distinction between the High Neoclassical style and the Late Baroque, as they tend to have the same terms associated with them but the High Neoclassical style tends to have more planar qualities than sculptured ones. All aspects of the former are flatter depth-wise, especially the bas-reliefs. Where these may be built directly into the wall in a Late Baroque sculpture, they were more often framed in panels, tablets, or friezes in a High Neoclassical one.
Buildings portraying this style can be found all over the globe but some are more popular than others. The Old Museum in Berlin, one of Karl Friedrich Schinkel’s projects, Sir John Soane’s Bank of England in London are popular European examples. There are two extremely famous ones in the United States as well; the White House and the Capitol, both in Washington, D.C.