Archive for May 24th, 2011
We have heard of several different well-known examples of the Neoclassicism style, but you can find examples in almost any part of the globe. We’ve mentioned how popular it is in some parts of the world, but haven’t really given you a real idea of how it spread all over the rest of the world.
Many countries adopted this style at the end of later phase. This phase actually became a sort of subcategory of Neoclassicism, inspired by etchings and engravings. This style came to become known as the Greek Revival period. In fact, it became so popular that by the mid 19th century several cities in Europe were almost overrun with examples of the architecture, cities such as Athens, Berlin, Munich, and St. Petersburg.
During the late 18th and early 19th centuries, this style became extremely popular in the United States, and was nicknamed “Federal Architecture”. One of the most significant facts about this style in America is that many of the buildings that have become famous examples were created and designed by who is considered to be the first professional American architect, Benjamin Harry Latrobe, who happened to have been born in Great Britain. Many other architects became inspired by the influence and style of Latrobe, and went on to create such buildings as the National Gallery, the Lincoln Memorial, and the Roosevelt Memorial. Federal architecture features fanlights over doors (almost always rounded, rarely squared). Other features include Classical/Greek detailing of entryways, Palladian windows, as well as circular or oval rooms (the Oval Office) in high-style examples. Other famous examples include St. Stephens Church in Boston, Massachusetts and the White House. Federal Architecture is also known as Adam-style architecture.
Some other locations around the world that embraced the Neoclassicism style are the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, otherwise known as the Soviet Union. Like many other buildings in the Soviet Union, the tendency to over decorate their buildings and their elaborate styles, earning them the nickname of ‘wedding cake architecture’. However, this unique quality has also made them some of the most famous buildings in the world. Wedding-cake architecture is typically found within Stalinist architecture
Stalin’s Seven Sisters” is the nickname given to a group of skyscrapers built in the Stalinist style of architecture, which is also known as a “wedding cake” style because of the skyscrapers’ tiered construction. Russia’s Seven Sisters reside in Moscow. Buildings in other countries formerly belonging to the Soviet Union also exemplify the style Stalin’s Seven Sisters are famous for. American buildings such as Radio City Music Hall, The GE Building, The New Yorker and the Waldorf-Astoria are all examples of wedding-cake architecture, using many layers to construct a large building.